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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳心怡(2003)。國小教師教科用書使用情形之個案研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 李源順(2004a)。國小數學專家教師在教學實務中的角色。國教新知,51(1),1-18。
  3. 李源順、林福來(2000)。數學教師的專業成長:教學多元化。師大學報科學教育類,45(1),1-25。
  4. 李源順、邱春根(2007)。國小教師數學教學專業知能之觀點比較:國小數學教育學者VS.國小實習教師。國教新知,54(4),1-22。
  5. 周珮儀(2002)。國小教師解讀教科書的方式。國立臺北師範學院學報,15,115-138。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴冠霖(2011)。一位偏遠地區國小教師將數學教科書轉化為運作課程之個案研究—以小三「分數的加減」單元為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-110。 
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