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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 223 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Brueggemann Walter,布魯格曼,《土地神學:從聖經信仰看土地的賞賜、應許和挑戰》The land : place as gift, promise, and challenge in biblical faith,戚時逝、黃泰、張楷弦、鄺全譯,新北市:校園書房,2016。
  2. C. Wright Mills,米爾斯,《社會學的想像》The Sociological Imagination,張君玫、劉鈐佑譯,台北:巨流圖書公司,1995。
  3. J Michael Cole,寇謐將,《黑色島嶼—一個外籍資深記者對台灣公民運動的調查性報導》Black Island:Two Years of Activism in Taiwan,李明、陳亞馨、劉燕玉譯,台北:商周出版,2015。
  4. Joseph E. Stiglitz,史迪格里茲,《不公平的代價》The Price of Inequality: How Today’s Divided Society Endangers Our Future,羅耀宗譯,台北:天下雜誌,2013。
  5. Kurlantzick Joshua,喬舒亞•科藍茲克,《民主在退潮:民主還會讓我們的世界變得更好嗎?》Democracy in Retreat:The Revolt of the Middle Class and the Worldwide Decline of Representative Government,湯錦台譯,台北市:如果出版,2015。
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