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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜雯蓉譯,2006,委外革命-全世界都是你的生產力,台北:經濟新潮社。Michael. Corbett,The outsourcing revoloution: Why it makes sense and howto do it right.
  2. 胡雪琴,2002,企業問題複雜度之探討及量化研究--以DEMATEL為分析工具,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 范祥偉,2001,委託外包的理論與實務之探討,人事月刊,第189期,頁47-55。
  4. 翁興利、陳愛娥、陳永愉,2002,推動公共服務委外之現況與展望,研考雙月刊,第二十六卷,第五期,頁69-80。
  5. 許碧芳、林宗瑋,2007,醫院高級健檢中心醫療合作外包廠商評選模式-層級分析法之應用,醫務管理期刊,第八卷,第三期,頁232-248。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張瑞芬(2015)。應用德菲層級法於醫療機構環境清潔外包廠商合作經營評選模式。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-95。 
  2. 邱守序(2014)。自中國採購之供應鏈風險管理-以C公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-116。
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