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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 191 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15. 林振賢,新版勞動基準法釋論,自版,訂正再版(1995)。
  2. 23. 高正源,日本棒球發展史,聯經出版公司(1994)。
  3. 26. 陳筱玉,美國棒球發展史,聯經出版公司(1994)。
  4. 29. 陳繼盛,勞工法論文集,財團法人陳林法學文教基金會(1994)。
  5. 31. 張清滄,例解勞動基準法,五南圖書出版股份有限公司(2002)。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 常心耀(2010)。博弈產業之法規範研究 -以運動彩券發行條例之修正與配套措施為中心-。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-190。 
  2. 林邦遠(2009)。中華職業棒球大聯盟發展之研究(1987~2008)。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-197。 
  3. 謝紹群(2011)。中華職棒假球案原因初探。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2011。1-73。 
  4. 葉育大(2009)。論我國職業棒球球員工作權之保障。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-138。
  5. 劉世慶(2011)。運動產業之倫理問題探究。中央大學哲學研究所學位論文。2011。1-195。
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