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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.Prof. Dr. Hans-Jürgen Kerner(著),薛智仁(譯),德國成年刑法之刑事制裁體系─重點式概覽,月旦法學雜誌,第一四四期,頁219-228,2007年。
  2. 4.丁榮轟,我國犯罪矯正機構實施空中大學矯正教育對出獄人生活適應之研究,第九卷第一期,頁67-106,2006年。
  3. 9.林山田,刑法改革與刑事立法政策──兼評二OO二年刑法部分條文修正草案,月旦法學雜誌,第九十二期,頁8-25,2003年。
  4. 18.許華孚,英美刑罰發展與台灣經驗之探究:一個批判性的分析,犯罪與刑事司法研究,第二期,頁1-42,2004年。
  5. 19.許華孚,監獄與社會排除:一個批判性的分析,犯罪與刑事司法研究,第五期,頁191-235,2005年。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林瑞雪(2011)。藥物不良反應與基因標記的探討。大同大學生物工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-102。
  2. 曹雅筑(2015)。監禁對於受刑人子女影響之研究。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2015。1-118。
  3. 竇忠國(2016)。矯正機構毒品收容人再犯現象之研究。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2016。1-90。
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