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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志宏與翁振益(2009)。領隊人員情緒勞務、工作倦怠與工作滿意度之間之關係:角色認同之調節效果。戶外遊憩研究, 22卷4期。
  2. 王淑華(2003)。二專餐飲管理科學生職業認知及生涯決定關係之研究。中國文化大學生活應用科學研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 王瑤芬、洪久賢(2004),我國觀光餐旅業員工離職傾向研究之內容分析。觀光研究學報,10(4),125-143。
  4. 何金銘、黃英忠、陳錦輝、莊美娟(2005)。工作需求—控制—支持模式與工作倦怠關係之研究:以海關人員為例。人力資源管理學報,5卷2期,19-37 頁。
  5. 吳淑禎及吳武忠(2006)。實習生的工作表現與工作滿意分析-以觀光產業爲例。餐旅暨家政學刊,第3卷4期,473-491。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美燕(2014)。餐旅科系學生校外實習期間遭遇不倫理行為對行業認知及就業意願影響之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-151。 
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