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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江文雄(2006)。技術及職業教育概論,增訂版二刷。台北:師大書苑。
  2. 吳松濂(2009)。廚師轉任餐飲教師應具備專業能力之研究。靜宜大學管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  3. 吳碧華(2001)。餐飲連鎖店經理專業能力分析之研究。國立台灣師範大學家政教育系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 林宜聖(2006)。技術校院教師實務經驗與教學效能關係之研究。國立台北科技大學技術及職業教育所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  5. 林俊彥、翁博威(2009)。教學輔導教師專業能力之研究,學校行政,63,25-35 。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張嘉慧(2015)。探討影響大學技術移轉關鍵之因素。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-192。 
  2. 洪明照(2014)。高中職餐飲科教師實務經驗影響教學效能關鍵因素之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-129。 
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