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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余梅香(2008)。海外遊學參與者之行前準備、文化適應、全球觀與個人發展之評估。餐旅家政學刊,5(2),163-184。
  2. 吳淑祯(2006)。知覺組織支持與直屬主管教導對實習生工作表現與工作滿意度之影響-以餐旅及休憩業為例。未出版碩士論文,銘傳大學,台北。
  3. 吳萬益(2000)。企業研究方法,臺北:華泰。
  4. 吳萬益、陳碩珮、甘珮姍(2000)。台灣企業外派人員跨文化訓練有效性之實証研究。台大管理叢論,10(2),167~203。
  5. 李金治、陳政友(2004)。國立台灣師範大學四年級學生生活壓力、因應方式、社會支持與其身心健康之相關研究。學校衛生,44,1-31。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅彥杰(2014)。人格特質、專業承諾與實習滿意度關係之研究-以國立高雄餐旅大學實習生為例。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-202。 
  2. 郭純卿(2012)。社會支持對實習適應影響之研究-以產學攜手合作計畫觀光產業專班生為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-98。 
  3. 林怡璇(2012)。文化衝擊、跨文化適應對海外實習滿意度之研究 ─ 以國立高雄餐旅大學海外實習生為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-95。 
  4. 賴佩青(2015)。臺中市公立國民中學教師社會支持與正向心理資本相關之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-138。 
  5. 董莉曼(2013)。科技大學餐旅群學生海外實習組織社會化情形與體驗價值之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2013。1-178。
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