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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王彤洲(2009)。高雄市旅館從業人員留任意願之研究。未出版碩士論文,高雄餐旅學院,高雄市。
  2. 王俊明(1999)。問卷與量表的編製及分析方法。載於張至滿、王俊明(主編),體育測驗與評價(頁139-158)。台北市:中華民國體育學會。
  3. 吳毓瑩(1996)。量表機偶點數的效度議題。調查研究,2,5-34。
  4. 李青(2010)。家長式領導、工作滿足與留任意願關係之研究-以臺灣國際觀光旅館為例。未出版碩士論文,高雄餐旅大學,高雄市。
  5. 林偵燕(2009)。激勵因素、工作滿足與留任意願關係之研究-以台灣國際觀光旅館員工為例。未出版碩士論文,高雄餐旅學院,高雄市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭明傑(2017)。民意機關領導行為、組織氣候與工作滿意度之研究-以雲林縣為例。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-83。
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