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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑芳、洪志秀(2005)。領導管理之倫理關注。護理雜誌,52(5),51-58。
  2. 毛家舲、張玨(1996)。倫理困境與護理決定過程。護理雜誌,43(1),40-45。
  3. 呂雅燕(2005)。大學社團參與經驗對其畢業後生涯發展影響之研究-以東吳大學畢業生為例。國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 沈 六(2004)。論道德發展的心理本質與歷程-說道德教育。台灣教育,625,2-16。
  5. 林至善(2000)。學生社團輔導與發展。載於曾建元(主編),大學社團人(頁113-130)。台北市:東吳大學。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾培祐(2011)。大學社團負責人領導經驗與影響因素研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2011。1-138。
  2. 朱惠敏(2012)。北區大學社團負責人角色壓力及其因應策略研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-244。
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