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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李美玲(2002)。組織內部知識分享之研究。台灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所未出版之碩士論文,台北。
  2. 林鉦棽(1996)。組織公正、信任、組織公民行為之研究社會交換理論之觀點。管理學報,13(3),391-415。
  3. 黃家齊、蔡達人(2001)。團隊多元化與知識分享、創造及創新績效。創新與知識管理學術研討會論文集,173-192。
  4. 董玉娟(2004)。知?分享意願影響前因之研究威脅之情境效果。人?資源管?學報,4(3),117-138。
  5. 鄭仁偉、廖華立(2001)。團隊能力、工作滿足、組織承諾與團隊績效的關係。人力資源管理學報,1(3),59-83。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃彥淑(2010)。非營利組織成員知識分享影響因素之研究─以財團法人「張老師」基金會為例。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2010。1-128。
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