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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 207 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明燁(民90)。順境與困境之間:比較家庭系統中結構性與關係性資源對於青少年學業表現與問題之影響。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫,計畫編號:NSC89-2412-H-031-011-SSS。
  2. 巫有鎰(民88)。影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制-以臺北市和臺東縣做比較。教育研究集刊,43輯,P.213-241。
  3. 李文益、黃毅志(民93)。文化資本、社會資本與學生成就的關連性之研究-以臺東師院為例。臺東大學教育學報,15(2),P.23-58。
  4. 李濟國(民90)。影響高中學生物理學習成就原因之探討。科學教育月刊,第240期,P.21-30。
  5. 林大森、陳憶芬(民95)臺灣高中生參加補習之效益分析。教育研究集刊,第52輯,第4期,P.35-70。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳佩瑱(2007)。國二學生非正式學習管道城鄉差異之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-191。
  2. 張耀鴻(2010)。以維基系統建置國小數學課輔範例庫之研究。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-136。
  3. 陳建良(2011)。長期安置育幼院之獨立生活青年的生命經驗與因應-一個敘說探究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2011。1-122。
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