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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王建雅(2010)。八向度幽默風格量表之發展與自尊、人格特質、依附風格關係之探討(未出版之博士論文),國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  2. 朱采慧(1993)。試論國中歷史教科書的圖表與圖示教學(未出版之碩士論文),國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  3. 邱發忠(1999)。幽默創造訓練之課程設計及效果評估研究(未出版之碩士論文)。私立輔仁大學,台北市。
  4. 邱發忠、陳學志、卓淑玲(2003)。幽默創造訓練之課程設計暨實徵效果評估。教育心理學報。34(2),179-198。
  5. 孫聖和(2000)。遊戲理論及幽默感應用於設計教育之可行性初探(未出版之碩士論文),國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
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