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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王志弘(2003)臺北市文化治理的性質與轉變1967-2002,台灣社會研究季刊,52:121-86。
    2. 何春蕤(1994)台灣的麥當勞化-跨國服務業資本的文化邏輯,台灣社會研究季刊:16。
    3. 胡金印(2002)恆春地區瓊麻產業的興衰、轉型與影響,屏東文獻,6:16-46。
    4. 夏鑄九(1989)一個休閒空間的理論架構,戶外遊憩研究,第二卷,第一期:19-30。
    5. 恆春縣志(1894),台北:台灣銀行經濟研究室。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張舒涵(2013)。戰後基隆委託行空間文化形式之研究(1970s)。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2013。1-318。 
    2. 黃琬茜(2012)。迪化街消費空間的建構與再現。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2012。1-83。
    3. 麥聖偉(2014)。建設開發公司成長策略之研究: 以P公司為例。臺灣大學商學組學位論文。2014。1-103。
    4. 張馨文(2016)。從空間生產歷程探索社區營造的虛實演進。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2016。1-65。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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