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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱妍蓓(2006)。國民中學教師對校外教學風險管理的認知與態度之研究---以臺北縣為例。國立臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導在職進修碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 沈六、鍾南、陳鐵、吳務貞、謝美連、黃玉、林英貴(1989)。台灣省國民中學童軍教育問題研究。臺灣省政府教育廳。
  3. 余紫瑛(2000)。探索教育活動影響國中學生自我概念與人際關係之實驗研究。國立臺灣師範大學公民訓育學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  4. 李玉琳(2004)。母親對兒童參與舞蹈活動的期望價信念的影響。國立臺灣體育學院體育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  5. 李詩鎮(2003)。探索活動團體氣氛與休閒效益關係研究。朝陽科大休閒研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡雯潔(2013)。居民對於發展農村生態旅遊意向與預期效益之研究-以關山鎮親水休閒農業區為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2013。1-207。 
  2. 陳祝筠(2010)。探索教育活動對國中生團隊建立影響之研究-以臺北市某國中為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-218。
  3. 薛家琪(2011)。隔宿露營活動對國中生領導才能影響之研究 -以新北市某中學為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-143。
  4. 楊景聿(2011)。探索教育應用於國中多元能力資源班之效益機轉研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2011。1-165。
  5. 呂岡侃(2012)。冒險教育活動對中學生領導力影響之研究 - 以新北市某私立學校八年級學生攀登雪山活動為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-193。
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