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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王覺興 (2002) 。單親家庭子女生涯發展與抉擇歷程之質性研究。國立成功大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺南市。
  2. 何金針 (2005)。我國高級職業學校教育發展及其問題之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文,臺北市。
  3. 汪昭英 (2002)。國中復學女學生的家庭經驗和學校經驗。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 周愫嫻 (2007)。論學生中輟的家庭因素及其對策。諮商與輔導月刊,257,36-44。
  5. 林秀真 (2000)。復學生的學校適應--以花東地區為例。慈濟大學社會工作研究所碩士論文,未出版,花蓮市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅瓊華(2010)。焦點解決短期諮商理論融入基督教教牧輔導 對父母管教態度影響之探討。中原大學宗教研究所學位論文。2010。1-183。 
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