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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 168 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱惠瓊(2003)。〈從網路成癮症談青少年網路人際互動特質〉。《諮商與輔導》。206,35-40。
  2. 李曉君(2006)。〈青少年網路使用與網路成癮現象之相關研究〉。《網路社會學通訊期刊》。53。
  3. 邱聖玲(2004)。〈敘事治療-以一個創傷復原個案為例〉。《諮商與輔導》,226,2-6。
  4. 凃嘉玟(2005)。〈青少年網路成癮因素之婻討與預防之道〉。《諮商與輔導》。232,29-35。
  5. 柯志鴻(2004)。〈青少年網路成癮之相關因子研究〉。高雄醫學大學行為科學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊琬琳(2014)。高中生網路霸凌認知、情感與行為之相關研究。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  2. 黃寶璊(2015)。以沈浸理論探討高中生使用智慧型手機成癮之研究。屏東科技大學資訊管理系所學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  3. 賴梅芳(2013)。高職學生網路成癮影響因素之探討-以台中地區高職餐旅群學生為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2013。1-107。
  4. 饒家銘(2014)。智慧型手機態度及使用行為與成癮之研究-以台中市高中職學生為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-129。
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