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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王行(2006):從推動到抵抗:我在諮商心理建制化過程中的行動。應用心理研究,30,21-36。
  2. 吳芝儀(2000):生涯輔導與諮商。嘉義: 濤石。
  3. 吳雅慧(2006):碩士層級諮商新手於全職實習的諮商困境與因應。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林家興、謝昀蓁&孫正大(2008):諮商心理師執業現況調查研究。中華輔導與諮商學報,23,117-145。
  5. 林綺雲(2010):自殺防治守門人的困境與自我照顧。諮商與輔導,295, 49-55。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江韋逸(2012)。國小高年級學童情緒智力、幸福感與同理心發展之探究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2012。1-132。
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