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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 天下雜誌編輯部(2006)。五大面向,體檢幸福競爭力。天下雜誌,354,104-111。
  2. 李怡陵、黃啟揚(2006)。從休閒需求、利益區隔探討PUB消費行為之研究-以台南市PUB為例。觀光休閒暨餐旅產業永續經營研討會海報發表,高雄市。
  3. 金兌妍(2002)。亞洲運動彩券發行之分析-以中國、日本、韓國為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  4. 金兌妍、洪煌佳(2002)。韓國發行運動彩券收益利用之探討。大專體育,63,147-151。
  5. 初昌樂(2009)女性海外自助旅遊者生活型態、涉入程度與主觀幸福感之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳品如(2015)。社區領袖工作價值觀、組織信任及涉入程度關係之研究 – 以中部農村再生社區為例。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所學位論文。2015。1-118。 
  2. 柯貞伊(2014)。購買動機、購買涉入與情境因素對有機農產品購買意願之研究--以花蓮市的消費者為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2014。1-140。 
  3. 蔡元綱(2012)。大臺北地區網球運動參與者涉入程度與網球拍品牌忠誠度之關係研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-111。
  4. 楊立蘭(2015)。國中生參與隔宿露營之活動態度與涉入程度對班級氣氛之影響。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-166。
  5. 李敏聖(2015)。線上遊戲玩家之人格特質、休閒效益、生活壓力對涉入程度之影響。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-130。
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