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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Rogers, P. J. (2000)。方案理論:重在如何執行而非是否可行,陳金盛譯(2005)。載於蘇錦麗審訂。 評鑑模式:教育及人力服務的評鑑觀點(256)。台北:等教育。
  2. 李俊湖(2007a)。評鑑教師專業成長之可行途徑。中華民國品質學會第43屆年會暨第13屆全國品質管理研討會。台北:國立教育研究院籌備處。
  3. 林劭仁(2006)。專業學習社群運用於師資培育自我評鑑之探究。中正教育研究,5(2),79-111。
  4. 陳佩英(2009)。一起學習、一起領導:專業學習社群的建構與實踐。中等教育,60(3),68-88。
  5. 楊志雄(2008)。特教老師,你可以更專業:看特教教師專業發展的問題與策略。中等教育,59(4),78-91。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周倢如(2013)。實施高瞻計畫之中學與大學夥伴關係個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2013。1-154。
  2. 曹雅蒨(2014)。偏遠地區高中推動體驗式能源課程之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2014。1-129。
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