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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王澤惠(2003)。目標取向、自我評價及歸因型態對運動員自我設限行為之影響。臺灣運動心理學報,3,1-20。
  2. 王澤惠(2005)。體育課必修與選修學生在運動自我設限行為之差異。台大體育學報,7,頁127-148。
  3. 李奇姜(2006)。自尊程度、自尊不穩定性、自我設限與三種拖延習慣的關係。未出版碩士論文,國立政治大學,臺北市。
  4. 李郁文(2003)。從輔導的觀點談孩子行為的「自尊」表現。諮商與輔導,209,37-42。
  5. 林季燕、季力康(2003)。運動動機量表之編製-信度與效度分析。臺灣運動心理學報,2,15-32。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林世名(2013)。中學體育班學生之心理需求、期望價值與職業興趣之關係。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。 
  2. 林巧婷(2012)。大專排球代表隊選手目標取向與參與動機之關聯性研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-119。
  3. 陳佩吟(2013)。高職餐飲科學生挫折容忍力、自我設限與求助行為之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-164。
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