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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 273 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王春展(1997)。專家與生手間問題解決能力的差異及其在教學上的啟示。教育研究資訊,5(2),80-92。
  2. 王鼎銘(1998)。小學科技教育及其師資培訓制度。中學工藝教育,31(3),10-16。
  3. 朱益賢(2006)。從科技素養到科技創造力。生活科技教育,39(8),1-2。
  4. 朱耀明、吳玫琪(2005)。國小自然與生活科技「設計與製作能力指標」教學現況之研究。載於國立高雄師範大學舉辦之「科技教育課程改革與發展」學術研討會論文集(頁191-199),高雄市。
  5. 朱耀明(2011)。「動手做」的學習意涵分析-杜威的經驗學習觀點。生活科技教育,44(2),32-43。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭嘉琳(2016)。使用遊戲式實體互動介面提升幼兒運算思維能力。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-66。 
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