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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇幼良(2002):以建構主義為教學策略探究國小二年級學童對「聲音」概念的學習。國立台北師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 廖耿舜(2005)。高中職高二學生物理概念差異性之研究。國立臺灣師範大學物理研究所在職進修班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 林沛萱(2008)。問題導向之學習單對七年級學生參觀國立台灣科學教育館學習成效之研究。國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 黃俊程(2010)。合作學習對國中七年級學生的數學學習成就與數學焦慮的影響。國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 張容君、張惠博(2007):國中學生「燃燒」概念診斷之研究。科學教育學刊,第十五卷第六期,671-701。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀貫騰(2015)。使用教學表徵在國二自然與生活科技領域之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  2. 呂昕潔(2016)。多重表徵教學之行動研究-以國中九年級自然與生活科技領域為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-113。
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