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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 200 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王盈潔、劉怡秀 (2008) 。國中學生參與休閒運動性社團之探討。戴於「2008年運動休閒產業管理」學術研討會論文集 (頁279-285) ,彰化縣:中華運動休閒產業管理學會。
  2. 行政院體育委員會 (2010) 。中華民國99年運動統計。臺北市:行政院體育委員會。
  3. 吳佳玟 (2008) 。臺北市國小足球參與者運動價值觀及社會支持之研究 (未出版碩士論文) 。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  4. 吳金鳳 (1998) 。大專高中生運動性休閒參與動機之迴歸分析-以運動價值觀為預測變項。大專體育,38,94-100。
  5. 吳璧如 (2001) 。家長參與學校教育:實務工作者與學者看法之分析。教育研究集刊,47,185-214。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳則宏(2017)。台南市國小一到三年級直排輪課後社團學童運動傷害調查研究。長榮大學運動競技學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-71。
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