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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何健豪(2010)。零體罰立法後台北縣國中教師管教行為之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班,臺北市,未出版。
  2. 周怡君(2008)。臺北市國民中學零體罰教育政策執行之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系,臺北市,未出版。
  3. 邱毓玫(2007)。基層官僚政策執行裁量行為之研究-以基層員警執行交通違規舉發為例。國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系,新北市,未出版。
  4. 洪健哲(2008)。政策設計與執行:零體罰教育政策為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班,新北市,未出版。
  5. 徐艾倫(2009)。國中教師對有效管教策略知覺之調查研究-以基隆市為例。國立臺灣海洋大學教育研究所,基隆市,未出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉邦鉉(2016)。教師搜索之研究—違法性與違法性意識之探討。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-102。 
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