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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佩縈(2008)。重新感受自己的心,從心看見對方的新—研究生參與服務學習課程之多元文化觀點轉換歷程(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 林昱貞(2002)。批判教育學在臺灣:發展與困境。教育研究集刊,48(4),1-25。
  3. 梁碧明、謝靜如(2008)。大學社區服務課程價值的實踐-服務提供者與接受者觀點之探究。東臺灣特殊教育學報,10,頁185-202。
  4. 陳曼玲(2011)。103年起技專校院評鑑改採認可制--專訪教育部技職司長李彥儀。評鑑,30,1-3。
  5. 楊昌裕(2002)。以服務學習的理念推展志願服務。學生事務理論與實務,41(1),43-54。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李青芳(2015)。大學理工教師專業服務-學習課程規劃、執行與教學成果之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  2. 劉金玲(2014)。國際性服務學習課程設計與執行:以絕代風華-印尼棉蘭華語營為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-165。
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