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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周怡敏(2004):走出暗夜-一個懼學家長孩子父母的敘說。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  2. 陳鈞屏(2008):現實治療取向概念化個案問題-拒學個案為例。諮商與輔導,270,35-37。
  3. 張高賓、戴嘉南、楊明仁、顏正芳(2006):國內學齡兒童憂鬱症狀之分析研究。諮商輔導學報,14,64-101。
  4. 張虹雯、江瑞豐(2005):拒學症學童的三次治療。輔導季刊,41,14-20。
  5. 張雯婷、曾瑞蓉、黃雅君、蘇祐萩(2009):正向行為支持有效介入特殊學生拒學問題之案例探究。特教論壇,6,48-59。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹采芸(2014)。生態系統合作之個案研究:以情緒障礙拒學中學生為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-209。 
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