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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 釋如石(民86):「入菩薩行」初品補注。中華佛學學報,10,45-82。
  2. Acton, G. J. (2000). Self-transcendence and family caregivers of adults with dementia. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 18(2), 143-159.
  3. Adams, W. W. (1999). The interpermeation of self and world: Empirical research, existential phenomenology, and transpersonal psychology. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology. 30(2). 39-66.
  4. Chiu, L. (2001). Transcending breast cancer, transcending death: A taiwanese population. Nursing Science Quarterly. 13(1). 64-72.
  5. Corey, G. (1996). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (5th ed.). California: Brooks/Cole.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳舜雯(2011)。從超個人心理學的意識觀點看二位憂鬱症患者轉化歷程之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期諮商心理碩士專班學位論文。2011。1-196。 
  2. 陳怡君(2007)。法鼓山社會福利慈善事業基金會志工組織承諾之研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2007。1-165。 
  3. 張信熙(2006)。從青澀到成熟的社工歷程-男性社工員之職場性別經驗探討。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2006。1-225。 
  4. 蔡月美(2005)。曠野的聲音:自然教育者的超越經驗之旅。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-217。
  5. 徐巧玲(2005)。識得情緒真面目,只緣心理來位移--「我、你、他」日記對國中生提升情緒智力短期及長期改變之現象分析。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2005。1-140。
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