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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈鴻明(1994):國中學生神經系統之概念發展。彰化市:國立彰化師範學院科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 沈鴻明和蔡長添(1996):國中學生神經系統之概念發展。科學教育, 7, 1-20。
  3. 徐毓慧(2002):利用前置組織因子增進恆定概念學習之研究。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學生物研究所碩士論文。
  4. 張賴妙理、涂志銘和鄭湧涇(2001):符合建構論者理念的教學策略對生殖與遺傳學概念學習成效之影響。中華民國第十七屆科教年會論文彙編。
  5. 楊坤原和陳進利 (1990): 中學生認知能力與遺傳學概念學習之相關研究。科學教育, 1, 61-75。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉明慧(2010)。圖形組織應用於國小國語課文結構教學之研究。臺東大學進修部語文教育碩學位在職專(暑)學位論文。2010。1-182。 
  2. 封德威(2006)。神經系統圖形的表徵結構對於學生讀圖理解之影響研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-168。
  3. 劉建言(2010)。「文本的改寫」與「科學語言融入教學」對七年級學生學習神經系統單元的影響。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-139。
  4. 賴廷倫(2011)。生物科名詞組的類型與高一生的語意理解-以系統功能語言學為探究角度。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-131。
  5. 徐俊龍(2012)。概念構圖融入七年級資優班生物科教學之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-279。
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