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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 189 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 朱有鈺(2002)。台北縣國民中學教師團隊學習SWOT分析研究。國立台灣師範
    2. 利一奇(2002)。國小教師實施同儕教練之行動研究。台北師範學院國民課程
    3. 李青育(2005)。利用關聯規則探勘不同學習風格學童之網站學習歷程樣式。
    4. 吳清山(1997)。教育名詞。教育資料與研究,18,61–62。
    5. 林愛華(2004)。國民中小學實習教師對九年一貫十大基本能力之專業表現分析研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林千卉(2011)。我國不同師資培育畢業生在國民中學 教師專業表現之比較研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-180。 
    2. 劉永元(2006)。全球化主要教育指標建構與我國教育政策對應之分析。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-325。
    3. 何世芸(2006)。視障巡迴輔導教師專業知能調查之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2006。1-176。
    4. 黃麗靜(2008)。台北縣國民小學教師專業認同、社區意識與專業表現之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-205。
    5. 林良玉(2008)。大學音樂系學生學習類型之調查研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系學位論文。2008。1-97。
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