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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余麗嫦(1990):《培根及其哲學》。台北:巨流。
  2. 李美枝(1993):從有關公平判斷的研究結果看中國人之人己關係的界
  3. 周愚文(1987):教育學的科學研究之反省。載於中國教育學會主編之
  4. 平等性》。台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃富揚(2010)。國小高年級學童小組表現之研究。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-117。 
  2. 邱雅萍(2009)。網路問題本位學習之小組討論歷程的對話分析。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-135。 
  3. 卓斌勝(2015)。教師領導風格與組長人格特質對小組合作學習之影響。屏東科技大學資訊管理系所學位論文。2015。1-93。 
  4. 周金城(2000)。以孔恩的常態科學探究高中師生科學社群中科學探索活動的歷程—參與科學展覽活動之得獎個案分析。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2000。1-0。
  5. 丁振博(2000)。國二學生之社會比較類型及其與理化實驗自我效能之相關研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2000。1-121。
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