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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭重吉、蔣佳玲(1995)︰「我心目中的科學家」--國小學童所持有的科學家形象。中華民國第十屆科學教育學術研討會論文彙編,pp543-563。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學。
  2. 黃俊儒、楊文金(1997)︰觀點論對於科學教育的意涵。科學教育月刊,196期,9-22。
  3. 楊文金(1996)︰同儕科學家意像對訊息合理性判斷的影響。論文發表於1996年中華民國物理教育年會。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學。
  4. 楊文金(1998)︰「同儕科學家意像」對訊息合理性判斷的影響分析。師大學報:科學教育類,43,1-17。
  5. 楊莉川(1997)︰從社會認同理論探討高中生傾向科學的態度。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。(未發表)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃富揚(2010)。國小高年級學童小組表現之研究。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-117。 
  2. 藍偉瑩(2001)。小組互動與概念改變機制之探討─以物質狀態與氣體性質概念為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2001。1-216。
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