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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山、黃旭鈞(2000)。學校推動知識管理策略出探。教育研究月刊,77,18-32。
  2. 張志明、劉淑娟(2000)。知識管理在學校行政的應用:以總務處營繕工程為例。學校行政雙月刊,6,71-84。
  3. 鄒宗山(2000)。簡述貝氏分析、決策理論與統計推論的差異。台灣醫學,4(4),446-450。
  4. David, M. K.(1997).Database Processing Fundamentals Design And Implementation ,Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River,49-69。
  5. English, L.P.(1999). Improving Data Warehouse and Business Information Quality
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周廷芳(2010)。教育訓練與工作環境對業務績效影響之研究 -以N 壽險公司菁英計劃為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-85。 
  2. 周佩青(2006)。地方教育行政機關知識管理團隊之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2006。1-116。
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