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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林青瑩(民88)。青少年偏差行為的家庭因素之分析研究。國立台灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文。
    2. 吳武典(民86)。國中偏差行為學生學校生活適應之探討。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系教育心理學報,29期,25-50頁。
    3. 郭生玉(民69)。教師期望與教師行為及學生學習行為關係之分析。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系教育心理學報,13期,133-152頁。
    4. 郭生玉(民70)。國中教師期望形成有關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系教育心理學報,14期,161-172頁。
    5. 郭生玉(民71)。教師期望與學生內外控信念關係之研究。國立台灣師 範大學教育心理與輔導學系教育心理學報,15期,139-148頁。
    Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪榮鴻(2010)。高中職學生正向心理、自我期望與生活適應之相關研究。臺東大學進修部文教行政碩(夜間)學位論文。2010。1-109。 
    2. 廖苑吟(2011)。屏東縣國中生自我效能、情緒智力、自主支持與挫折容忍力之相關研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-107。 
    3. 陳敏瑜(2006)。國中教師管教信念、管教目標與管教策略關係之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-140。
    4. 楊佳諭(2009)。我國國民中學技藝教育餐旅職群性向測驗之編製。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2009。1-138。
    5. 王蕾雁(2010)。中學階段資優生與普通生樂觀傾向、自我效能與解釋型態之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2010。1-223。
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