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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 一、中文參考文獻:
    2. 翁秀琪 ( 1988 )。〈從兩個實證研究看大眾傳播媒介如何建構社會真實〉,《新聞學研究》,41:125-135。
    3. 翁秀琪 ( 1994 )。(我國婦女運動的媒介真實與「社會真實」),《新聞學研究》,48:193-236。
    4. 臧國仁、楊怡珊 ( 1998 )。〈新聞記者的社會智能:再論記者與消息來源之互動〉。《專家生手研究群成果發表會》。臺北:國立政治大學傳播學院。
    5. 劉蕙苓 ( 1989 )。《報紙消息來源人物之背景與被處理之方式之分析》。國立政治大學新聞研究所碩士論文。
    Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄭玉敏(2006)。真實建構與社會之關係:以「腳尾飯」事件為例。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-116。 
    2. 嚴思祺(2012)。臺灣英文報紙的新聞框架分析--以開放美國牛肉進口爭議新聞為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2012。1-101。 
    3. 張廣文(2009)。自殺新聞框架研究---以《商周》〈水蜜桃阿嬤〉為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2009。1-196。 
    4. 陳郁馨(2007)。臺灣主要報紙對美麗島事件報導之比較研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2007。1-151。 
    5. 陳呈生(2005)。臺北市地方自治條例立法資訊計量研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2005。1-183。 
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