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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李選(民82)現實治療護理諮商模式於改善藥癮戒治者身心狀態之成效研究。行政院衛生署委託研究計畫,計畫編號DOH83-MA-011。
  2. 法務部、教育部、行政院衛生署(民84)反毒報告書。
  3. 法務部、教育部、行政院衛生署(民85)反毒報告書。
  4. 法務部、教育部、行政院衛生署(民86)反毒報告書。
  5. 法務部、教育部、行政院衛生署(民89)反毒報告書。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 侯明智(2012)。全人與輔導相遇 -宇宙光全方位關懷輔導中心研究。中原大學宗教研究所學位論文。2012。1-123。 
  2. 趙偉婷(2009)。接受美沙冬療法個案生命歷程之研究。臺北醫學大學醫學人文研究所學位論文。2009。1-112。 
  3. 蔡教仁(2008)。藥物濫用者戒癮認知與戒癮途徑之研究。亞洲大學社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-104。
  4. 黃家慶(2011)。以中止犯罪理論探討成年男性藥癮者持續戒癮之影響因素。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2011。1-98。
  5. 劉怡欣(2011)。生命轉彎的地方-成功終止犯罪者之歷程。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2011。1-133。
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