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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱素鑾(民85):成就動機與輸贏對工作難度選擇、內在動機、成敗知覺及成敗歸因的影響。國立體育學院運動科學研究所。
  2. 吳麗娟(民76):理情教育團體對大學生理性思考、社會焦慮與自我接納效果之研究。教育心理學報,20,183-204。
  3. 吳瓊如(民86):國中學生次及文化之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育系碩士論文。
  4. 林清山(民67):成就動機、測試焦慮特質與情緒指標、測試焦慮狀態的相關研究。教育心理學報,11,37-48。
  5. 邱裕惠(民91):合作學習在國中英語教室之應用研究。國立台灣師範大學英語研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姜筱屏(2010)。偏遠地區國中體育班應用合作學習於英語教學之行動研究。臺東大學教育學系學位論文。2010。1-130。 
  2. 林嘉麗(2009)。運用合作學習於國中生數學解題歷程之現象探討。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-215。
  3. 方華璟(2010)。合作學習對國民中學學生英語學習之影響 - 以臺北縣立大大國中為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-129。
  4. 胡惠琴(2010)。師生性別、教師數學期望與國小高年級學生數學學習態度之關係研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-129。
  5. 陳經燁(2012)。國小學童親子共學Scratch程式設計之個案研究。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-46。
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