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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 139 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 天下文化編輯部(2000)。名詞註釋。載於楊玉齡譯:基因聖戰。台北:天下文化。
  2. 朱啟華(1993)。康德德育方法之理論基礎研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 吳雪綺(2001)。批判性思考教學之知識論基礎探究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 林火旺(2003)。倫理學。台北:五南。
  5. 洪蘭(譯)(2002)。Kolata, G.。基因複製(Clone:The road to dolly and the path ahead)。台北:遠流。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭姸君(2006)。組織基因工程與組織政策之研究-以桃園縣私立新興高級中學為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2006。1-66。 
  2. 林喬盈(2008)。國中生物科技倫理議題認知、態度與教材開發之研究 : 以基因治療為例。臺灣師範大學生物學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-138。
  3. 謝淑如(2008)。探討國民中學教師對人類胚胎幹細胞研究的認知。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-131。
  4. 周柏成(2010)。國中生物科技倫理之研究 ——以基因改造食品為例。臺灣師範大學生命科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-92。
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