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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王冠智(2003)。學校教學資源中心與校外機構建立教育夥伴關係初探。國家圖書館館訊,9(4),67-72。
  2. 王嬿淑(2005)。教育政策行銷之個案研究—以臺北市教育局精緻教育政策為例。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育學系。檢自:全國博碩士論文摘要檢索系統。
  3. 宋建成(2001)。論公共圖書館提供資訊的特性。臺北市立圖書館訊,19(2),18。
  4. 杜修文(1999)。臺灣地區高中圖書館發展之研究(1949-1999)。碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士班。檢自全國博碩士論文摘要檢索系統。
  5. 林玉雲、李士傑、李德財(2005)。探索「數位典藏國家型科技計畫」機構化的新方向:來自參訪加拿大CHIN 、美國MCN2004及GETTY的啟發。博物館學季刊,19(3),99-112。上網日期:2008年4月25日,檢自:。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡宜珊(2011)。大學圖書館服務補救與讀者後續行為意圖之研究。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2011。1-131。 
  2. 黃喻淳(2010)。高中圖書館電子資源館藏及其服務之研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2010。1-143。 
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