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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王凱立(2000),《民間機構經營學校運動設施之可行性研究--以台北市市立國民中學學校游泳池設施為例》,國立臺灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 余泳樟(2006),〈運動中心委外經營策略之探討-以臺北巿立南湖高中為例〉,《學校體育雙月刊》,第16卷第5號,頁55~60。
  3. 吳彗慎(2006),《國立高級中等學校總務主任工作壓力及其因應策略之探討》,國立彰化師範大學工業教育與技術學系碩士論文。
  4. 吳彗慎、許清福(2006),〈國立高級中等學校總務主任的工作壓力與壓力之因應〉,《臺灣教育》,第637期,頁41~44。
  5. 李正淼,(2007),《台東縣體育場委外經營管理之研究-以台東縣立游泳池為例》,亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏琬容(2012)。臺北市市民運動中心公私協力關係之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2012。1-260。
  2. 劉潔嬪(2013)。桃園市免費公車委外經營策略之研究---以代理人理論的觀點。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-212。
  3. 郭子郡(2014)。代理人理論觀點下政府與非營利組織合作途徑之研究-以台北國際發明暨技術交易展為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-186。
  4. 傅郁涵(2015)。地方行政機關總務單位角色功能之研究-以臺北市政府衛生局為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2015。1-168。
  5. 施秀華(2016)。八仙山森林遊樂區住宿及餐飲設施委託民間經營移轉計畫案之探討:委託-代理人理論。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-213。
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