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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(2001),〈92~94年度中程施政計畫〉,臺北,行政院衛生署
  2. 周雪光(2003),《組織社會學十講》。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
  3. 郎慧珠(1998),《省立醫院體制轉型可行性分析》,臺灣省政府委託計畫。
  4. 徐享達(2001),〈公立(營)機構績效不振因素分析兼論署立醫院突破困境因應之道〉,《醫務管理期刊》,第2卷,第3期,頁47-59。
  5. 張亞中(2001)〈全球治理:主體與權力的解析〉,《問題與研究》,第40卷,第4期,頁1-24。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃玉龍(2012)。臺北市西門徒步區街道家具治理模式建置與變遷因素。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-215。 
  2. 林威玲(2013)。台灣醫療產業發展之分析。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-47。 
  3. 陳怡芳(2011)。臺北市立聯合醫院策略管理之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-139。
  4. 洪琳凱(2015)。衛生所業務委外之財政可行性研究─以新北市29區衛生所為例。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2015。1-113。
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