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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(2001),《92~94年度中程施政計畫》。台北:行政院衛生署。
  2. 行政院衛生署(2004),《95~97年度中程施政計畫》。台北:行政院衛生署。
  3. 林金榜譯,Henry Mintzberg原著(2006),《策略管理》。台北:商周。
  4. 郎慧珠(1998),《省立醫院體制轉型可行性分析》,台灣省政府委託研究計畫。
  5. 郎慧珠、李丞華(2001),〈各省立醫院體制轉型評估—高階主管意見調查〉,《台灣衛誌》,頁15-26。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳月英(2012)。公立醫院組織再造經營權屬決策-績效導向評估模式。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-83。 
  2. 王明聖(2009)。組織變革對降低跨區就醫的影響。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2009。1-121。 
  3. 林威玲(2013)。台灣醫療產業發展之分析。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-47。 
  4. 陳素幸(2009)。署立醫院營運成效衡量與時間序列效率變動 模式分析。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-93。
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