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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王建彬、袁建中,“不同生命週期產業評估創新政策”,科技管理學刊,3卷,12期,2007年9月,第35-74頁。
  2. 2. 王福山,“製造業自研發機構移轉技術之成功因素探討-以金屬中心技術移轉成功個案為例”,鍛造,14卷,3期,2005年10月,第5-13頁。
  3. 3. 胡祖武、江耀順、吳志銘,“自行車騎姿電腦動態模擬之研究”,大葉學報,6期,1997年,第119-125頁。
  4. 4. 鍾文慎、蔡善璞、蔡旻光、溫啟邦,“機動車事故與台灣城鄉平均餘命差距之相關分析”,臺灣公共衛生雜誌,29卷,3期,2010年6月,第261-272頁。
  5. 1. 孫琍瑋、詹炳耀,“探討專利檢索與專利地圖尚待解決之爭議”,管理學域學術研討會論文集,八卷,2007年5月,第C-89-C-106頁。
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