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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.大野耐一著,林耀川、成玉山譯 (1985),豐田生產方式與現場管理,中華企業管理發展中心。
  2. 2.于宗先、王金利 (2000),台灣中小企業的成長,聯經出版社,台北。
  3. 3.王姿潔 (2007),建構以職能為基礎之工程專業人員評選模式-以C公司為例,中山大學人力資源管理研究所,碩士論文。
  4. 4.王派榮 (2002),豐田生產方式運作之研究-台灣國瑞汽車公司及其協力廠之成功案例,中原大學企業管理研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 5.門田安弘著,黃一魯譯 (1987),豐田式生產體系,中國生產力中心。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李筱梅(2013)。應用決策分析程序評估人才招募的關鍵準則。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-157。
  2. 陳梓峰(2016)。流線型態之自動化生產線品質管理系統規劃與設計。虎尾科技大學機械設計工程系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-45。
  3. 黃雪玲(2017)。女人·旅人——台灣女遊作家之「身體」力「行」(1990-2015)。清華大學臺灣研究教師在職進修碩士學位班學位論文。2017。1-109。
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