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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李元墩、陳碧宗、何昆展 (2007)。國際企業外派員工之人格特質、跨文化訓練、跨文化調適與工作績效關係模式之研究-以美商在台子公司為實證。全球化暨國際企業研討會論文集。長榮大學,台南縣。
  2. 連兆祥 (2003)。公開推薦資訊與投資人人格特質對其操作策略和投資績效影響之研究。國立成功大學工業管理科學所碩士論文,台南市。
  3. 陳景煥 (2008)。人格特質、投資資訊來源與投資行為有關嗎?─理財規劃顧問投資行為之探討。國立中正大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,嘉義縣。
  4. 彭毓珍 (2003)。台灣股票與指數期貨市場投資人行為之研究。國立成功大學高階企業管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,台南市。
  5. 曾薰瑤 (2011)。資訊搜尋在投資選擇中的角色:數位資訊、尋求忠告與捷思。國立交通大學經營管理研究所博士論文,新竹市。
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