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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] 邱曉平,「以系統方法建立印刷電路板業環境管理指標之研究」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,2006。
  2. [7] 馬秀莉,「探討企業同時導入ISO系列 (ISO 9001、ISO 27001、ISO20000) 與CMMI之比較分析與管理─以台灣資訊服務業為例」,國立交通大學,碩士論文,2010。
  3. [10] 科建管理顧問,ISO9000:2000品質管理系統實務,第二版,2002。
  4. [27] 李逸綸,「某LED廠推動ISO 14001與OHSAS 18001管理系統的成效分析」,國立交通大學,碩士論文,2009。
  5. [30] 陳政宏,「建置台灣電子零組件業環境會計帳之可行性研究」,中原大學,碩士論文
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳國良(2016)。記憶體模組製造商溫室氣體盤查與能源管理系統建置案例研究。臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2016。1-98。
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