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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王隆昌,徐培剛,「台灣地區都市共同管道路網規劃決策模式之研究」,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所,2005年
  2. 4. 朱明信,王樹根,「共同管道工程施工管理維護作業之探討」,碩士論文,中興大學土木工程學系所,2009年。
  3. 6. 張子修,林宗瑤,「高鐵桃園車站特定區共同管道建設之案例研究」,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學營建工程學系研究所,2013年。
  4. 8. 謝定亞,李明璋,「因工期展延所生施工管理費之計算模型」,碩士論文,國立中央大學營建管理研究所,2008年。
  5. 9. 顏上堯,林瑜禎,王渭仲,「自來水管線維修人員與機具指派最佳化」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第二十五卷,第四期,301-309頁,2013年12月。
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