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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.林姿諭(2007) 。數學焦慮認知與情意影響數學內在動機、自我概念與成就之模式:以PISA 2003香港資料為例,國立政治大學,教育研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 8.林盈妤(2007) 。老年人對身心健康功能與狀況感受度之重要性因素分析,國立中央大學,統計研究所,碩士論文,民國96年。
  3. 16.許綺婷(2002)。探討國三學生對補習班與學校教學的看法及其與基本學測數學科之表現的關係,國立臺灣師範大學,科學教育研究所,碩士論文。
  4. 17.游俊雄(2007)。臺灣高中生數學成就及其相關因素之探討,國立中央大學,統計研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 18.楊伯軒(2007)。探討影響國二學生數學學習成就的因素-以TIMSS 2003為例,國立臺灣師範大學,數學研究所,碩士論文。
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