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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 白崇亮(1986)。「組織承諾研究:理論與時政」。《管理評論》,5:30-51。
  2. 14. 余明助(2006)。「組織變革不確定感與員工工作態度關係之研究-
  3. 台灣省菸酒公賣局為例」。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論
  4. 23. 吳茂興(2004)。「公立醫院合併對員工工作態度影響之研究:以高
  5. 32. 陳金哲(2006)。「準市場機制與區域治理-以秀傳醫院、署立醫
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張志慶(2013)。北部區域榮民醫院主治醫師服務意願影響因素初探。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2013。1-83。 
  2. 劉美蓉(2013)。雲嘉南地區榮民退休準備歷程及其對活躍老化學習需求之啟示。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-150。
  3. 劉大任(2018)。醫療體系的擴張與其企業社會責任-以中國醫藥大學附設醫院在1995-2017年的策略發展為個案研究。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2018。1-104。
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