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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田新民、解志韜、祝金龍(2009),員工主動性人格對組織公民行為和團隊績效的影響-檢測一個路徑模型,人力資源管理學報,9(2):19-32。
  2. 余德成、連淑君、張玲慈(1999),高雄地區航運業薪資制度之研究,海運研究學刊,8:47-58。
  3. 張春興(1991),現代心理學,台北:東華。
  4. 張婷婷、陸洛、黃睦芸(2011),工作負荷與工作行為之關聯:主動性人格為調節變項,台灣管理學刊,11(2):177-195。
  5. 梁金樹、廖茂生、丁吉峰(2010),第三方物流業關鍵成功因素之研究,航運季刊,19(3):19-38。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許玉青(2015)。護理人員工作壓力、幸福感、專業承諾之相關研究-以情緒智力為調節變項。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-108。
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